Community Consumption Water Management Improvement Ban Dong Sam Muen, Mae Dad Sub-district, Galyani Vadhana District, Chiang Mai Province
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The objectives of this research are: 1) to make a survey on community consumption water context information; 2) to make a survey on community consumption water problems and requirements and 3) to find some guidelines for community consumption water management by both quantitative and qualitative researches combined. A questionnaire was used as a tool for quantitative research. The population under study included 105 heads of the family. Out of these, 76 questionnaires had been answered and returned, which were equivalent to 72.38 %. For qualitative research, the tools used included observations, interviews and group discussions with the community leaders and the village committee. The information obtained from the questionnaires was applied for a descriptive statistics calculation in percentage, mean and standard deviation. And the qualitative information would be analyzed in relation to the conclusion obtained from the questionnaires. The research showed that most of the water consumed by Ban Dong Sam Muen’s households was from public well, private well and rain water respectively. Each household consumed an average of 6.62 cubic metres of water per month. For the period from June to December, over 50% of the households in Ban Dong Sam Muen would have sufficient amount of water for consumption while the months other than these, i.e. from January to May, over 50% wouldn’t. Regarding this, 75 people in Ban Dong Sam Muen community did realize the problems of consumption water scarcity, which were equivalent to 98.7%, 57 people on public participation through meetings, or 75.0%, 54 people shared the same idea that the persons mainly in charge should include the village headman, assistant village headman, village committee and the local administrative organizations, which were equivalent to 71.0%. The type of water most required by Ban Dong Sam Muen community was drinking water, with the mean of 4.46 (SD = 0.642). The guidelines for Ban Dong Sam Muen community consumption water management are: 1) The concerned sectors’ supplies of additional water sources; 2) The concerned sectors’ arrangement for related training courses to give knowledge on consumption water management guidelines, hygiene and sanitation; and 3) A nomination of the village committee for community consumption water management and administration.
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